Ever since neolithic times humans have recognised the advantages of living in Gibraltar. Over the centuries this outcrop of rock on Europe’s most southerly tip has been fought over and passed from Empire to Empire. Today, however, Gibraltar is a stable, thriving and dynamic modern state with a diversified economy and membership of the European Union (with exemption from CAP and the Customs Union). Designated as an Overseas Dependant Territory of the United Kingdom, Gibraltar is located at the gateway to the Mediterranean and the Rock has been a major British military base for over 300 years. In recent years the role of the military and the number of troops stationed here have decreased and today the military prescence is largely invisible apart from the airstrip which all visitors to Gibraltar must cross when entering via Spain. This is expected to change when a new tunnel under the runway opens along with the new International Airport terminal.